Language: Irregular plural nouns like feet, children, etc. Past tense of irregular verbs, sat, hid, told. Expand sentences to include details. Capitalize holidays, products, geographic names and titles. Commas in greetings and closing of letters. Apostrophes for contractions and possessives (nouns, not pronouns. RayS.) Spelling patterns. Consult beginning dictionaries.
Vocabulary: Unknown and multiple-meaning words. Compound words like lighthouse. Root words. Prefixes. Shades of meaning among related words. Use newly-learned words.
Source: “CCSSI (
Standards Initiative) for English Language Arts and Literacy in History/Social Studies and Science.” March 10, 2010, p. 12, 13. You will find the standards at http://www.corestandards.org/. Common Core State