Note: The following information is reprinted from my book Teaching English, How To…. Xlibris, 2004.
Question: What roles do people play when participating in small-group work?
Answer/Quote: David M. Litsey suggests 18 roles that people can play in a group enterprise. He divides these roles into three categories: ‘Maintenance,’ ‘Task Roles,’ and ‘Self-Serving Roles.’
Maintenance Roles1. Encouraging: Being warm and responsive to others; accepting the contributions of others; giving others an opportunity for recognition.
2. Expressing group feelings: Sensing feeling and mood, r relationships within the group, and sharing one’s own feeling with other members.
3. Harmonizing: Attempting to reconcile differences and reduce tension by giving people a chance to explore their differences.
4. Compromising: When one’s own ideas or status is involved in a conflict, offering to compromise admitting error; disciplining oneself to maintain group cohesion.
5. Gate-keeping: Keeping communication channels open and facilitating the participation of others.
6. Setting Standards: Expressing standards for the group to achieve; applying standards in evaluating group function and production.
Comment: Obviously, these roles emphasize the positive in group relationships. RayS.
Next blog: Task Roles.